How To Make Natural Soap
While the process of making soap has been around for centuries, most of us don’t know how to make natural soap although it is very simple to do. It will save you money and is rewarding hobby. Unlike the shop-bought versions, natural soap does not have any chemicals in it as they are made from recipes containing basic vegetable oils or animal fats. The majority of soaps are made with a substance called lye, a byproduct of burning wood materials. The lye is essential when converting fat and oil within the soap for it to be broken down in water correctly. This is however, a hazardous solution if used incorrectly.
With various processes to choose from, one of the most widely used techniques is the cold process and it involves using lye and oils. Pre-made soap blocks containing added scents is called the melt and pour method while the hot process involves cooking the soap. Rebatching refers to the process of grinding old soap scraps and re-blending them. The latter is ideal for those who prefer to avoid the use of lye as it is already in there. Here is one easy homemade recipe using lye that will show you how to make natural soap from scratch. Don’t forget that the fumes from the lye mixture can be hazardous so use goggles and avoid inhaling any fumes. Any oils used, should be mixed on their own in a large pot. The ingredients required are two cups each of both coconut and grape seed oil, four and a half cups of olive oil or similar and one small 9 1/4 oz container of lye.
The lye and oils need to be heated in separate containers then left to cool at 110F. Once both reach the same temperature, the lye should be poured slowly into the oil. Using a stick blender (home improvement stores sell these reasonably cheaply), blend the mixture for around three minutes ensuring you scrape the bottom and sides. The soap is ready when it reaches a consistency similar to honey, a state known as trace. A drop of cinnamon oil can be added now, however it should only be mixed enough to combine as the soap will start to harden around this time. Pour the mixture into soap molds which should be wrapped in blankets to assist the chemical reaction. It is best to leave to set overnight then it can be cut into pieces and is ready to use. The soap should be stored in a cool and dry location on brown paper,
You will soon get used to this process and learn how to make natural soap trying differing recipes using various oils, fragrances and fats. Oatmeal and buttermilk are ideal bases for soap as are citrus, honey and chamomile while glycerin based soaps mean you do not need to use lye.